Meta-analyses aim to reach more precise conclusions than single studies by synthesizing effect sizes from multiple studies. Especially in research areas where sample sizes of single studies are rather small and sample estimates are therefore imprecise, meta-analyses can provide more reliable and accurate results. In addition, differences in effect sizes between studies can be used to examine the influence of study or sample characteristics on the effect size of interest in moderator analyses.
However, there are a number of possible degrees of freedom in conducting meta-analyses that are relevant to the interpretation of the results. In the spirit of Open Science, all relevant decisions should be documented transparently whenever possible, for example, using common publication standards for meta-analyses such as MARS or PRISMA. In addition, meta-analytic data should be as openly available and easily accessible as possible, thus enabling full replication of the meta-analysis. In particular, for regular updates of meta-analyses, it is desirable and efficient for the research community at large if existing data can be updated as straightforwardly as possible.
One possible approach for publishing meta-analytic data is the idea of Community-Augmented Meta-Analysis (CAMA). Here, the research community is provided with a repository to collect meta-analytic data cumulatively and collaboratively. At the same time, key meta-analytic outputs such as forest plots or meta-analytic estimates are made available on a graphical interface, making the results easily accessible. The functionality of such a system is presented using the platform PsychOpenCAMA, which provides such a system for psychology and related fields.
A planned extension is to link PsychOpen CAMA with PsychNotebook in order to make CAMA data easily accessible for further analyses. To this end, R scripts will be made available alongside the meta-analytic datasets, providing (syntax-based) advanced analysis options in addition to replication of the analyses on the platform. An example of the use of such projects in PsychNotebook will be shown. Especially for this last part of the talk, basic knowledge in R and RStudio is recommended.
Speaker: Tanja Burgard is acting head of the research area Research Syntheses at ZPID and product responsible for PsychOpen CAMA.
Date: 12.10.2022, 4-5.30 p.m.
Number of Participants:
Link to registration: Follows